By: Blaire O. Gagnon
This study, combining documentary research and textile analysis, investigated Egyptian appliquéd textiles produced by tentmakers on the Street of the Tentmakers in Cairo, Egypt. These textiles included appliquéd tents erected for ceremonial occasions and portable tourist souvenir items. The study focused on the development and characteristics of the modern
The Egyptian appliqués had four motif styles: Islamic, Pharaonic, Folkloric, and Calligraphic. They were made from Egyptian, primarily solid, cotton fabrics. Textile design was applied free hand or with a pattern and the primary method of motif-application was an overcast stitch. More than three-quarters (n=45) of the textiles studied were 17.75 inches (45 cm) square, and others retained this dimension on one side. Motif accents were embroidered. Correlations between dating and textile characteristics suggest that size, border treatment, canvas quality, and stitch technique are temporal indicators.